Types of Disasters

The below is a list of potential disasters. Some of these happen everyday and some only happen occasionally. Use this list as a thinking tool when performing your Threat Analysis or Risk Assessment to identify those potential threats in your area.

One type of disaster not listed here is the synergistic disasters. These are the disasters whose effects are magnified or worsened due to the effects from another disaster. For example, the 9.0 Japanese earthquake that created a large tsunami on the Japan shore, which destroyed the Fukashima nuclear reactor. Two large disaster events combined to create an even larger environmental disaster. These events are nearly impossible to predict, which makes preparing for them infinitely more difficult.

Personal Events

  • Active Shooter
  • Computer Crash / Data Loss
  • Crime, Personal (e.g., assault, rape, homicide, kidnapping)
  • Crime, Property (e.g., theft, robbery, burglary, arson, etc.)
  • Death of Loved One
  • Financial drain (e.g., mounting repair or medical bills)
  • Health Problem (injury or disease)
  • Home Fire
  • Home Flood
  • Poisoning, accidental
  • Unemployment
  • Vehicle Accident

 

Economic Events

  • Currency Collapse
  • Currency Restructure
  • Deflation
  • Inflation
  • Recession
  • Depression
  • Stagflation

 

Natural Disasters

  • Asteroid / Meteorite collision
  • Avalanche
  • Climate Change (i.e., dramatic change, not seasonal change)
  • Coastal Erosion
  • Coronal Mass Ejection (CME) / Geomagnetic storm
  • Drought
  • Earthquake
  • Extreme Cold
  • Extreme Heat
  • Famine
  • Flood / Flash Flood
  • Fog
  • Hail
  • Hurricane / Tropical Cyclone
  • Ice Storm
  • Land Erosion
  • Landslide / Mudslide
  • Lightning
  • Pandemic / Epidemic / Disease Outbreak
  • Pole Shift
  • Pollutants and Toxins from fire
  • Thunderstorm / Micro-burst / Other Damaging Winds
  • Sinkholes
  • Snowstorm, Blizzard
  • Structure Fire / Urban fire
  • Super Volcano (e.g., Yellowstone National Park)
  • Tornado
  • Tsunami
  • Volcanic Eruptions / Lava flow
  • Wildfire

 

Technological (Man-Made) Disasters

  • Cybersecurity
  • Dam / Levee Failure
  • Gas Leaks / Explosions
  • Hazardous Spill and Materials (e.g., chemical, biological, or radiological agents)
  • Ignorance
  • Nuclear Explosion
  • Nuclear Power Plant Disaster (accident or deliberate)
  • Pollution / Poisoning: Food, Water, Air
  • Power Outage, short-term, long-term
  • Resource Shortages:
    • Electricity / Power Outage, causing loss of:
      • Internet
      • Banking (ATM, credit/debit card use)
      • Refrigeration
      • Air conditionining / heat
    • Food
    • Internet (lack of access to information and communication)
    • Medicines
    • Natural Gas
    • Phone Service (landline and cellular)
    • Vehicle Fuels, gasoline, diesel, propane
    • Water
  • Structure Collapse
  • Urban Violence / Civil Disorder / Rioting / Gang warfare
  • War (to include kinetic, biological, chemical, nuclear, EMP events)

 

Terrorism

  • Biological
  • Chemical (e.g., chemical bomb, a bomb detonated on a chemical tank (truck or storage), or a dispersion device)
  • Cyberterrorism
  • Dirty bomb / Radiological Dispersion Device
  • EMP
  • Explosions (e.g., bombs, car bombs, suicide bombers, gas leaks)
  • Nuclear
  • Shootings
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