by Monica Gomez
The time may come when someone in your family suffers a cardiac emergency. You need to know how to administer emergency CPR so the person has a better chance of survival, especially in the event that there isn’t anyone else around who can help.
Immediate action to help re-start someone’s heart can save his or her life. According to the American Heart Association, people who develop cardiac arrest at home or away from a hospital are less likely to survive. The percentage is low—less than 8 percent. The American Heart Association points out that effective CPR can, at the least, double the person’s chance of survival.
If you find yourself having to administer CPR, you need to know how to administer it correctly. If you go about this life-saving procedure incorrectly, you could injure the person without intending to do so. Follow the instructions of this infographic from Carrington College to make sure that you’re doing everything correctly. Even if you’ve been trained in CPR already, it’s always helpful to have a refresher.
Is the person conscious? If not, you’ll need to start giving CPR. Have someone call 911 right away. If you are fortunate enough to have a defibrillator nearby, administer one shock only to the person’s chest.
If you don’t have a defibrillator, place one hand in the center of the person’s chest. Position the heel of your hand, which is just below your wrist, over your other hand.
Begin giving compressions as hard as you can. Your shoulders should be right over your hands so you can press down more forcefully. Give at least 100 compressions per minute. In between compressions, allow the person’s chest to expand completely.
If the cardiac arrest victim is a child or baby, you’ll have to add rescue breathing to the chest compressions you’re giving. Tilt the child’s head back so her chin is pointing toward the sky and place your mouth over her mouth so you create a tight seal. Blow in so her chest rises noticeably; your breaths should be short, about one second long.
For children, press down with either one or two hands. Give 30 compressions, then a breath. Give 100 compressions per minute. For infants, push down only with two or three fingers, again, administering 100 compressions per minute. After every 30 compressions, cover the infant’s mouth and nose, giving one rescue breath. Then, resume chest compressions. Blocked airways are the primary cause of cardiac arrest in infants and children.
Click here for the animated infographic. Please note it is a large file (9.2 MB).